FNM Motto: “Illuminating the Value of Every Life” – that’s why
…bringing more light to the community, one person at a time.
WHY? (short answer)
FNM is working towards the social inclusion of individuals who have a developmental disability. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) is a developing nation and has recently scripted policies to assist individuals who have developmental disabilities. They have stated within these policies their desire to work with foreign organizations to help model and implement their policies. FNM agrees with their scripted polices and assists with implementing programs for these policies. For this change to be sustainable, FNM is working at the individual level –> family level –>immediate community level –> public schools –>society at large –>concluded by reporting our results to the government offices which validates the effectiveness of our programs for their policies.
WHY? (long answer) – read below…
There are many factors that have resisted the development and social inclusion of individuals with an developmental disability. Some of these factors include, lack of funding for developmental disability programs, lack of social awareness programs, lack of primary school training, life skills training, and vocational training, and low socioeconomic situations of their families .
“The existing special class units and schools are located in urban areas, and most of them have long waiting lists. Consequently, a significant number of children and students are still excluded from all education. It is estimated that less than 1% of children and students with special needs get access to primary education.” (Mamo Mengesha 2001, Tirussew, et al. 1995, Tirrussew 2006) – (SNEPS 2006)
According to international estimates, 10-20% of any school age population has special educational needs “(ILO 2004, Peters 2003, UNESCO 2001, Wiman & Sandhu 2004 ) – (SNEPS 2006)
Our model project offers home-based education for developing home, life, and social skills, build capacity for primary special needs education, provide vocational training for individuals above school age, offer athletic/exercise programs for individuals with developmental disabilities, assist individuals with physical disabilities throughout their entire education experience through sponsorship, and involve the community and government offices through various social awareness programs. FNM multiplies our impact in Bahir Dar by providing training opportunities to our stakeholders in Bahir Dar to improve and increase the services for individuals who have a developmental disability.
Training individuals who have a developmental disability with home, life, and social skills, educating their families/caregivers how to provide better assistance to them in their personal growth, building special needs school units (SNSU) in their kebele, and involving the government offices and community in awareness programs are necessary for them to be successful at home, school, and society. This will increase both the access and success rate of these individuals with an intellectual disability as they receive the opportunity to attend a primary school with a special needs school unit (SNSU) and have an inclusive society. FNM is working with the MOE toward their goal of “…assuring quality education, and to expand vocational training…their overall goal is to facilitate active participation of all citizens in community and society.”(SNEPS 2006)
These education and training opportunities are required to advance the overall socioeconomic condition of individuals with a developmental disability and their families. Our activities are in full alignment with the vision of the Ministry of Education (MOE), “Building an education and training system which assures quality and equity education by the year 2020 that aims at producing competent citizens.” (MOE-vision) While FNM implements these education activities, community awareness programs will be strategically implemented at the same time to prepare society for the inclusion of these individuals as welcomed “competent” members of society.
For a Brighter Future for Everyone!
FDRE & MOE Policies
Bureau of Finance and Economic Development (BoFED), Growth and Transformation Plan (2010-2015):
– “To facilitate the implementation of education of children with special needs”
– “To implement and strengthen rehabilitation, technical, and vocational training support and outreach programs for people with disabilities”
– “To provide education and information services to raise public awareness about disability and people with disability”
Ministry of Education (MOE)
– “Education For All” – “Building an education and training system which assures quality and equity education by the year 2020 that aims at producing competent citizens.” (MOE-Vision)
– “…assuring quality of education, and to expand vocational training…their overall goal is to facilitate active participation of all citizens in community and society.”(SNEPS 2006)
MOE – Special Needs Education Program Strategy (2006):
– The current situation of special needs education in Ethiopia shows that “quality and expansion of special needs education” are two of the main issues (SNEPS 2006).
– In the Amhara region, it is estimated that less than 1% of these children have access to a special needs (intellectual disability) school unit to accommodate them. (Mamo Mengesha 2001, Tirussew et al. 1995, Tirussew 2006) (SNEPS 2006)
United Nations – Millennium Development Goal #2,
– “Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.” – MDG #2
(UN Millennium Declaration, signed in September 2000)
Country Profile on Disability for FDRE – Japan International Cooperation Agency Planning and Evaluation Department (2002)
Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) [Ministry of Finance and Economic Development – 2010/11 – 2014/15 (2010), FDRE]
Special Needs Education Program Strategy (2006), Ministry of Education (MOE